Edmunds, P.J., R. Steneck, R. Albright, R.C. Carpenter, A.P.Y. Chui, T.-Y.Fan, S. Harii, H. Kitano, H. Kurihara, L. Legendre, S. Mitarai, S. Muko, Y. Nozawa, J. Padillo-Gamino, N.N. Price, K. Sakai, G. Suzuki, M.J.H. vanOppen, A. Yarid and R.D. Gates. 2015. Geographic variation in long-term trajectories of change in coral recruitment: a global-to-local perspective. Marine and Freshwater Research 66:609-622.
Edmunds, P. J., S.C. Burgess, H.M. Putnam, M.L. Baskett, L. Bramanti, N.S. Fabina, X. Han, M.P. Lesser, J.S. Madin, C.B. Wall, D.M. Yost and R.D. Gates. 2014. Evaluating the causal basis of ecological success within the scleractinia: an integral projection model approach. Marine Biology 161:2719-2734.
Edmunds P.J., M. Adjeroud, M.L. Baskett, I.B. Baums, A.F. Budd, R.C. Carpenter, N. Fabina, T.-Y. Fan, E.C. Franklin, K. Gross, X. Han, L. Jacobson, J.S. Klaus, T.R. McClanahan, J.K. O’Leary, M.J.H. van Oppen, X. Pochon, H.M. Putnam, T.B. Smith, M.I. Stat, H. Sweatman, R. van Woesik, and R.D. Gates. 2014. Persistence and change in community composition of reef corals through past, present, and future climates. PLoS One 9:e107525.
Padilla-Gamino J.L., L. Hedouin, R.G. Waller, D. Smith, W. Truong and R.D. Gates. 2014. Sedimentation and the reproductive biology of the Hawaiian reef-building coral Montipora capitata. Biological Bulletin 226:8-18.
Fabina, N.S., H.M. Putnam, E.C. Franklin, M. Stat and R.D. Gates. 2013. Symbiotic specificity, association patterns, and function determine community responses to global changes: Defining critical research areas for coral-Symbiodinium symbioses. Global Change Biology 19:3306-3316.
Padilla-Gamino, J.L., R.R. Bidigare, D.J. Barshis, A. Alamaru, L. Hedouin, X. Hernandez-Pech, F. Kandel, S.L.Soon, M.S. Roth, L.J. Rodrigues, A.G. Grottoli, C. Portocarrero, S.A. Wagenhauser, F. Buttler and R.D. Gates. 2013. Are all eggs created equal? A case study from the Hawaiian reef-building coral Montipora capitata. Coral Reefs 32:137-152.
Putnam, H.M., A.B. Mayfield, T.-Y. Fan, C.-S. Chen and R.D. Gates. 2013. The physiological and molecular responses of larvae from the reef-building coral Pocillopora damicornis exposed to near-future increases in temperatures and pCO2. Marine Biology 160:2157-2173.
Stat M, X. Pochon, E.C. Franklin, J.F. Bruno, K.S. Casey, E.R. Selig and R.D. Gates. 2013. The distribution of the thermally tolerant symbiont lineage (Symbiodinium clade D) in corals from Hawaii: correlations with host and the history of ocean thermal stress. Ecology and Evolution 3:1317-1329.
Franklin, E.C., M. Stat, X. Pochon, H.M. Putnam and R.D. Gates. 2012. GeoSymbio: A hybrid, cloud-based web application of global geospatial bioinformatics and ecoinformatics for Symbiodinium-host symbioses. Molecular Ecology Resources 12:369-373.
Krueger, T. and R.D. Gates. 2012. Cultivating endosymbionts - host environmental mimics support the survival of Symbiodinium C15 ex hospite. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 413:169-176.
Padilla-Gamino J.L., K.M. Hanson, M. Stat, and R.D. Gates. 2012. Phenotypic plasticity of the coral Porites rus: acclimatization responses to a turbid environment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 435:71-80.
Padilla-Gamino, J.L., X. Pochon, C. Bird, G.T. Concepcion and R.D. Gates. 2012. From parent to gamete: vertical transmission of Symbiodinium (Dinophyceae) ITS2 sequence assemblages in the reef building coral Montipora capitata. PLoS One 7(6): e38440.
Pochon, X., H.M. Putnam, F. Burki and R.D. Gates. 2012. Identifying and characterizing alternative molecular markers for the symbiotic and free-living dinoflagellate genus Symbiodinium. PLoS One 7(1):e29816.
Putnam H.M., M. Stat, X. Pochon and R.D. Gates. 2012. Endosymbiotic flexibility associates with environmental sensitivity in scleractinian corals. Proceedings of the Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 279:4352-4361.
Stat, M., A.C. Baker, D.G. Bourne, A.M.S. Correa, Z. Forsman, M.J. Huggett, X. Pochon, D. Skillings, R.J. Toonen, M.J.H. van Oppen and R.D. Gates. 2012. Molecular delineation of species in the coral holobiont. in M. Lesser, editor. Advances in Marine Biology Vol. 63, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Academic Press. 65 pp.
Franklin, E.C., M. Stat, X. Pochon, H.M. Putnam and R.D. Gates. 2011. Rapid development of a hybrid web application for synthesis science of Symbiodinium with Google Apps. In Jones, M. and C. Gries (eds.), Proceedings of the Environmental Information Management Conference 2011. Pp.44-48.
Gates, R.D. and T.D. Ainsworth. 2011. The nature and taxonomic composition of coral symbiomes as drivers of performance limits in scleractinian corals. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 408:94-101.
Padilla-Gamino, J.L., T.M. Weatherby, R.G. Waller and R.D. Gates. 2011. Formation and structural organization of the egg-sperm bundle of the scleractinian coral Montipora capita. Coral Reefs 30:371-380.
Salerno, J.L., D.R. Reineman, R.D. Gates and M.S. Rappe. 2011. The effect of a sub-lethal temperature elevation on the structure of bacterial communities associated with the coral Porites compressa. Journal of Marine Biology, 2011:Article ID 969173, 9 Pp.
Stat, M., C.E. Bird, X. Pochon, L. Chasqui, L.J. Chauka, G.T. Concepcion, D. Logan, M. Takabayashi, R.J. Toonen and R.D. Gates. 2011. Variation in Symbiodinium ITS2 sequence assemblages among coral colonies. PLoS One 6:e15854.
Stat, M, and R.D. Gates. 2011. Clade D Symbiodinium in scleractinian corals: a “nugget” of hope, a selfish opportunist, an ominous sign, or all of the above? Journal of Marine Biology, 2011:Article ID 730715, 9 Pp.
Barshis, D.J., J.H. Stillman, R.D. Gates, R.J. Toonen, L.W. Smith and C. Birkeland. 2010. Protein expression and genetic structure of the coral Porites lobata in an environmentally extreme Samoan back reef: does host genotype limit phenotypic plasticity? Molecular Ecology 19:1705-1720.
Green, D.H., P.J. Edmunds, X. Pochon and R.D. Gates. 2010. The effects of substratum type on the growth, mortality, and photophysiology of juvenile corals in St. John, US Virgin Islands. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 384:18-29.
Hofmann G.E., Barry J.P., Edmunds P.J., Gates R.D., Hutchins D.A., Klinger T. and M.A. Sewell. 2010. The effect of ocean acidification on calcifying organisms in marine ecosystems: an organism to ecosystem perspective. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 41:127-147.
Lesser, M. P., M. Slattery, M. Stat, M. Ojimi, R.D. Gates and A. Grottoli. 2010. Photoacclimatization by the coral Montastraea cavernosa in the mesophotic zone: light, food, and genetics. Ecology 91:990-1003.
Mayfield, A.B., Y-Y Hsiao, T-Y Fan, C-S Chen and R.D. Gates. 2010. Evaluating the temporal stability of stress-activated protein kinase and cytoskeleton gene expression in the Pacific reef corals Pocillopora damicornis and Seriatopora hystrix . Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 395:215-222.
Pochon, X., M. Stat, M. Takabayashi, L. Chasqui, L.J. Chauka, D.D.K. Logan and R.D. Gates. 2010. Comparison of endosymbiotic and free-living Symbiodinium (Dinophyceae) diversity in a Hawaiian reef environment. Journal of Phycology 46:53-65.
Yancey, P.H., M. Heppenstall, S. Ly, R.M. Andrell, R.D. Gates, V.L. Carter and M. Hagedorn. 2010. Betaines and dimethylsulfoniopropionate as major osmolytes in Cnidaria with endosymbiotic dinoflagellates. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 83:167-173.
Fitt, W.K., R.D. Gates, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, J.C. Bythell, A. Jatkar, A.G. Grottoli, M. Gomez, P. Fisher, T.C. LaJeunesse, O. Pantos, R. Iglesias-Prieto, D.J. Franklin, L.J. Rodrigues, J.M. Torregiani, R. van Woesik and M.P. Lesser. 2009. Response of two species of Indo-Pacific corals, Porites cylindrica and Stylophora pistillata, to short term thermal stress: the host does matter in determining the tolerance of corals to bleaching. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 373:102-110.
Olson, N.D., T.D. Ainsworth, R.D. Gates and M. Takabayashi. 2009. Diazotrophic bacteria associated with Hawaiian Montipora corals: diversity and abundance in correlation with symbiotic dinoflagellates. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 371:140-146.
Hoegh-Guldberg, O., G. Muller-Parker, C.B. Cook, R.D. Gates, E. Gladfelter, R.K. Trench and V. Weiss. 2007. Len Muscatine (1932-2007) and his contributions to the understanding of algal-invertebrate endosymbiosis. Coral Reefs 26:731-739.
Leggat, W., T.A. Ainsworth, J.C. Bythell, S. Dove, R.D. Gates, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, R. Iglesias-Prieto and D. Yellowlees. 2007. The hologenome theory disregards the coral holobiont. Nature Reviews Microbiology 5(10) DOI: 10.1038/nrmicro1635-c1.
Lesser, M.P., J.C. Bythell, R.D. Gates, R.W. Johnstone and O. Hoegh-Guldberg. 2007. Are infectious diseases really killing corals? Alternative interpretations of the experimental and ecological data. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 346:36-44.
A series of process-oriented field studies motivated by our initial focused questions have been initiated to explore gaps in our understanding of physical and biological processes and events that affect structure, function and dynamics of the reef ecosystem of Moorea; additional integration is achieved by focusing on common model systems.
A comprehensive set of spatially explicit time series measurements was designed and implemented (during Year 1) to describe decadal trends in the reef ecosystem and forcing functions on a landscape scale.
A fundamental goal of the MCR is to advance understanding that enables accurate forecasts of the behavior of coral reef ecosystems to environmental forcing. To this end, we seek to understand the mechanistic basis of change in coral reefs by determining how they are influenced by the press drivers to which they are increasingly being subjected, especially those associated with an increasing degree of ocean acidification.
In general there are two contrasting attributes of an ecosystem with respect to external drivers: 1) resistance, the amount of external forcing a system can absorb without a qualitative change and 2) resilience, the tendency of a system to return to its previous state after a perturbation. Resilience in particular is a major MCR research focus because Moorea recently was subjected to a pulse disturbance, an outbreak of the crown-of-thorns seastar, that killed most living coral on the fore reef.
Many of the features defining coral reefs are products of the interaction of biological and physical processes acting over multiple spatio-temporal and functional scales. We are exploring the scale-dependence of physical processes around the island of Moorea, focusing initially on waves and water fluxes and temperature characteristics at several scales.
Even upon casual inspection, it is clear that a tropical coral reef is more than simply the sum of the parts. Our goal is to understand how abiotic and biotic forcing functions affect the functional biology of corals, and to incorporate these effects into a model with the capacity to integrate the understanding of reef corals across spatial, temporal and functional scales.
Coral reefs have exceptionally high levels of biodiversity that generate complex webs of interacting species. Our ability to forecast population and community dynamics requires greater understanding of the manner by which individuals and species interact within coral reef ecosystems.
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation through the Moorea Coral Reef Long-Term Ecological Research program under Cooperative Agreement #OCE-0417412, #OCE-1026851, and #OCE-1236905. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.