Adam, T.C., A.J. Brooks, S.J. Holbrook, R.J. Schmitt, L. Washburn and G. Bernardi. 2014. How will coral reef fish communities respond to climate-driven disturbances? Insight from landscape-scale perturbations. Oecologia 176:285–296.
Alldredge, A.L., S.J. Holbrook, R.J. Schmitt, A.J. Brooks and H. Stewart. 2013. Skeletal growth of four scleractinian corals is not enhanced by in situ mesozooplankton enrichment. Marine Ecology Progress Series 489:143-153.
Carr, M.H., D.P. Malone, M.A. Hixon, S.J. Holbrook and R.J. Schmitt. 2013. How SCUBA changed our understanding of nature: underwater breakthroughs in reef fish ecology. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences 39:157-167.
Leichter, J.J., A.L., Alldredge, G. Bernardi, A.J. Brooks, C.A. Carlson, R,C. Carpenter, P.J. Edmunds, M.R. Fewings, K.M. Hanson, J.L. Hench, S.J. Holbrook, C.E. Nelson, R.J. Schmitt, R.J. Toonan, L Washburn and A.S.J. Wyatt. 2013. Biological and physical interactions on a tropical island coral reef: Transport and retention processes on Moorea, French Polynesia. Oceanography 26:52-63.
Page, H.M., A.J. Brooks, M. Kulbicki, R. Galzin, R.J. Miller, D. Reed, R.J. Schmitt, S.J. Holbrook and C. Koennigs. 2013. Stable isotopes reveal trophic relationships and diet of consumers in temperate kelp forest and coral reef ecosystems. Oceanography 26:180-189.
Stewart, H.L., N.N. Price, S.J. Holbrook, R.J. Schmitt and A.J. Brooks. 2013. Determinants of the onset and strength of mutualistic interactions between branching corals and associate crabs. Marine Ecology Progress Series 493:155-163.
Beldade, R., S.J. Holbrook, R.J. Schmitt, S. Planes, D. Malone and G. Bernardi. 2012. Larger female fish contribute disproportionately more to self-replenishment. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 279:2116-2121.
Adam, T.C., R.J. Schmitt, S.J. Holbrook, A.J. Brooks, P.J. Edmunds, R.C. Carpenter and G. Bernardi. 2011. Herbivory, connectivity and ecosystem resilience: response of a coral reef to a large-scale perturbation. PLoS One 6(8):e23717.
Johnson, M.K., S.J. Holbrook, R.J. Schmitt and A.J. Brooks. 2011. Fish communities on staghorn coral: effects of habitat characteristics and resident farmerfishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 91:429-448.
Brainard, R.E., S. Bainbridge, R. Brinkman, C.M. Eakin, J.-P. Gattuso, D. Gledhill, L. Gramer, J. Hendee, R.K. Hoeke, S.J. Holbrook, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, M. Lammers, D. Manzello, M. McManus, R. Moffitt, M. Monaco, J. Morgan, D. Obura, S. Planes, R.J. Schmitt, C. Steinberg, H. Sweatman, O.J. Vetter and K.B. Wong. 2010. An international network of coral reef ecosystem observing systems (I-CREOS). In Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, J. Hall, D.E. Harrison and D. Stammer, editors, ESA Publication WPP-306.
Leray, M., R. Beldade, S.J. Holbrook, R.J. Schmitt, S. Planes and G. Bernardi. 2010. Allopatric divergence and speciation in coral reef fish: the three-spot Dascyllus, Dascyllus trimaculatus, species complex. Evolution 64:1218-1230.
Wilson, S.K., M. Adjeroud, D.R. Bellwood, M.L. Berumen, D. Booth, Y.-M. Bozec, P. Chabanet, A. Cheal, J. Cinner, M. Depczynski, D.A. Feary, M. Gagliano, N.A.J. Graham, A.R. Halford, B.S. Halpern, A.R. Harborne, A.S. Hoey, S.J. Holbrook, G.P. Jones, M. Kulbiki, Y. Letourneur, T.L. De Loma, T. McClanahan, M.I. McCormick, M.G. Meekan, P.J. Mumby, P.L. Munday, M.C. Ohman, M.S. Pratchett, B. Riegl, M. Sano, R.J. Schmitt and C. Syms. 2010. Crucial knowledge gaps in current understanding of climate change impacts on coral reef fishes. Journal of Experimental Biology 213:894-900
Beldade, R., S.J. Holbrook, R.J. Schmitt, S. Planes and G. Bernardi. 2009. Isolation and characterization of eight polymorphic microsatellite markers from the orange-fin anemonefish, Amphiprion chrysopterus. Conservation Genetics Resources 1: 333-335.
Fountain, T., S. Tilak, P. Shin, S. Holbrook, R.J. Schmitt, A. Brooks, L. Washburn and D. Salazar. 2009. Digital Moorea cyberinfrastructure for coral reef monitoring. Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing (ISSNIP) 2009. Melbourne, Australia. IEEE Conferences Pp. 243-248.
Kane, C.N., A.J. Brooks, S.J. Holbrook and R.J. Schmitt. 2009. The role of microhabitat preference and social organization in determining the spatial distribution of a coral reef fish. Environmental Biology of Fishes 84:1-10.
Leray, M., R. Beldade, S.J. Holbrook, R.J. Schmitt, S. Planes and G. Bernardi. 2009. Isolation and characterization of 13 polymorphic nuclear microsatellite primers for the widespread Indo-Pacific three-spot damselfish, Dascyllus trimaculatus, and closely related D. auripinnis. Molecular Ecology Resources 9:213-215.
Holbrook, S.J., R.J. Schmitt, A.J. Brooks, T. Margalith, J. Burnsed, K. Seydel and H. Masui. 2007. The use of LED light lures to enhance larval settlement of coral reef fish. Pages 326-338 in T. Murata, editor. State of the Art: High Power LED Application Practices, Technical Information Institute Co. Ltd., Japan.
Schmitt, R.J. and S.J. Holbrook. 2007. Predicting the magnitude of temporal variation in young-of-year class strength of surfperch (Teleostei: Embiotocidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology (Supplement) 14:155-160.
Holbrook, S.J., A.J. Brooks and R.J. Schmitt. 2006. Relationships between live coral cover and reef fishes: implications for predicting effects of environmental disturbances. Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium ICRS10 Proceedings Pp. 241-249.
Schmitt, R.J. and S.J. Holbrook. 2006. Developmental delays, recruitment storage and adult attrition rates in local populations of a tropical damselfish. Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium ICRS10 Proceedings Pp. 232-240.
A series of process-oriented field studies motivated by our initial focused questions have been initiated to explore gaps in our understanding of physical and biological processes and events that affect structure, function and dynamics of the reef ecosystem of Moorea; additional integration is achieved by focusing on common model systems.
A comprehensive set of spatially explicit time series measurements was designed and implemented (during Year 1) to describe decadal trends in the reef ecosystem and forcing functions on a landscape scale.
A fundamental goal of the MCR is to advance understanding that enables accurate forecasts of the behavior of coral reef ecosystems to environmental forcing. To this end, we seek to understand the mechanistic basis of change in coral reefs by determining how they are influenced by the press drivers to which they are increasingly being subjected, especially those associated with an increasing degree of ocean acidification.
In general there are two contrasting attributes of an ecosystem with respect to external drivers: 1) resistance, the amount of external forcing a system can absorb without a qualitative change and 2) resilience, the tendency of a system to return to its previous state after a perturbation. Resilience in particular is a major MCR research focus because Moorea recently was subjected to a pulse disturbance, an outbreak of the crown-of-thorns seastar, that killed most living coral on the fore reef.
Many of the features defining coral reefs are products of the interaction of biological and physical processes acting over multiple spatio-temporal and functional scales. We are exploring the scale-dependence of physical processes around the island of Moorea, focusing initially on waves and water fluxes and temperature characteristics at several scales.
MCR has a diverse range of projects that focus on the physiology and population dynamics of corals and organisms with which they interact, on ecosystem processes on and near coral reefs, and on the physical environment. We are developing a unified body of theory and a suite of models that can support individual projects and (more importantly) contribute to synthesis.
Coral reefs have exceptionally high levels of biodiversity that generate complex webs of interacting species. Our ability to forecast population and community dynamics requires greater understanding of the manner by which individuals and species interact within coral reef ecosystems.
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation through the Moorea Coral Reef Long-Term Ecological Research program under Cooperative Agreement #OCE-0417412, #OCE-1026851, and #OCE-1236905. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.